Hazy. rambling.


2009년 1월 1일. Gibraltar.
하늘과 구름이 멋졌던 날.



... "Orwell and Huxley, P.D. James and J.G. Ballard modeled their dystopic societies on England, but for more than a century, America has been a main target, the ur-dystopia, certainly for Margaret Atwood, as early as her 1972 novel Surfacing—but also, when you come to think of it, since Tocqueville, or Mrs. Trollope, who upon arriving by ship from England in 1827 remarked that she had “never beheld a scene so utterly desolate as this entrance of the Mississippi. Had Dante seen it, he might have drawn images of another Bolgia from its horrors.

Lee is no exception in targeting contemporary America, but the Koreas too come in for their share of criticism as harbingers of a dystopic future. One thinks of Adam Johnson’s recent harrowing novel set in North Korea, The Orphan Master’s Son. Lee’s dystopia is strongly similar to some accounts of contemporary South Korea, where he was born in 1965, though he came to America at the age of three. One Korean-American writer, Euny Hong, tells us that historically

"... the Korean political system was a meritocratic aristocracy…all but the very lowest classes had the right to sit for the kwako…[an exam that] only a hundred or so people would pass, out of thousands of applicants."

If you passed the exam you were elevated to the aristocracy, so parents sent little Korean children to after-school private academies, called hagwon, and special schools for memory training, often at great financial sacrifice.

 In Lee’s B-Mor people take the same test:

With the lowest-scoring decile put on a probationary list…or…slated for service jobs such as retail or teaching or firefighting, unless, of course, they inherit enough money to make a sizable contribution to the directorate…. Still, with the stakes so high, Charter parents will spend whatever they must to prepare for this, hiring developmental therapists and tutors…. As previously noted, one of ours must score in the top 2 percent…without any enrichment training or tutoring at all."


... "Students in South Korea, with the strongest test results, will have had to memorise 60 to 100 pages of facts, says the report, raising questions about the long-term value of such rote learning. The report also notes that highly-prized skills such as being creative and problem solving are much harder to measure and put into such rankings."

 iii. 노래는 밝은 노래. 

'눈빛만으로 그대와 말하고-' 권순관의 고유의 감성!


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